In WordPress, a theme changes the design of your website and including its layout, meaning that, a theme is a collection of templates and style sheets used to define the appearance and display the WordPress websites. Changing your theme in WordPress define the changes how your site looks on the front-end. There are thousands of free and paid WordPress themes in the WordPress.org Theme Directory.
In WordPress, Themes can be changed, managed and added from the WordPress dashboard area under Appearance/Themes:
Each theme comes with different features, layouts, and design. A user can choose different themes according to their requirements for their website.
What can Themes do?
Basically, WordPress themes are more than color and layouts, which improve your website content and as well as make websites beautiful. Themes take the data and content stored by WordPress and display it in the browser. In WordPress, Themes can do many things as follows:
- Theme can display content anywhere you want it to be displayed.
- Theme can have different layouts, such static or responsive, using one column or two.
- Theme can customize its typography and design elements using CSS.
- Theme can specify which devices or actions make you content visible.
In WordPress theme, you can modify the theme by adding plugins (plugin is used to control the behaviour and features of your WordPress site) or by adding code to the function.php file.
Themes Made of?
WordPress themes are made of distinct files that work together to create what you see, as well as how your site behaves. Under the theme directory, WordPress theme consists of two main required files, as well as additional files.
Main Required files:
- index.php: main template file.
- style.css: main style file.
- PHP file: including template files
- CSS files
- Text files: usually licence info, readme.txt instruction, and a changelog file.
Default Theme (twentyseventeen): The default theme is used to showcase the features of WordPress and as well as used to create basic website. WordPress comes with a default theme to display the front-end of the website. Files included under the theme as follows:
Note: Download WordPress themes locally in the https://wordpress.org/themes/ directory.